CÔNG NGHỆ PLASMA CHO LÒ ĐỐT

Công nghệ đốt Plasma

Trong công nghiệp, nhu cầu đốt có hiệu quả lớn với nhiệt độ cao thì rất nhiều. Kể cả đốt nồi hơi, lò đốt cracking dầu, lò đốt xử lý rác, đốt lò cao (luyện kim) thậm chí đốt thiêu hủy đều rất cần nhiệt độ cao hàng nghìn độ. Tuy nhiên mỗi lần nhóm lò đều tốn thời gian và năng lượng, dù là … bằng lò điện đốt hỏa táng.

Nói chung là trình độ công nghệ đốt nhiệt độ cao + hiệu quả cao ở Việt Nam ta còn rất sơ khai (theo lời một bạn trẻ HN là còn … chuối lắm).

Công nghệ đốt Plasma không phải là mới lắm (nói khác đi là đã … cũ mèm ở Âu Châu) có thể giải quyết tận gốc nhu cầu này.

Hoạt động của đầu đốt plasma

Đốt bằng Plasma là quy trình sử dụng miệng đầu phun thích hợp để làm thắt lại luồng khí ion hóa, tạo ra dòng khí có nhiệt độ rất cao hàng chục nghìn độ, có thể đốt cháy mọi thứ ngay cả kim loại lẫn phi kim (như silicat của bê tông …).

Khí dẫn điện (plasma) được sử dụng để chuyển năng lượng âm – cung cấp bởi một nguồn điện từ mỏ plasma đến vật liệu. Đầu phóng plasma đóng vai trò như là công cụ lắp các phụ tùng tiêu hao và có vai trò cung cấp chất làm mát (khí hoặc nước) cho các phụ tùng này. Đầu phun và điện cực duy trì dòng tia plasma.

Năng lượng của Plasma rất lớn nên nó cần thổi một luồng khí qua đầu đốt. Luồng khí này có thể là không khí hoặc hơi nước, thậm chí là nước. Nhiệm vụ của luồng khí này là :

a/. Làm nguội đầu đốt Plasma.

b/. Cung cấp dòng khí để tạo lượng plasma lớn, khuyếch tán thành đám cháy nhiệt độ cao.

Plasma :

Điện trường cao làm các nguyên tử khí thổi qua nó bị lột mất lưới âm điện tử, do đó đường kính nguyên tử trở nên nhỏ lại. Vật chất lúc bấy giờ có độ đậm đặc gấp nhiều lần vật chất thông thường và chúng mang tĩnh điện có độ âm điện cao

Khi các nguyên tử khí có độ âm điện cao này gặp vật chất bên ngoài ở buồng đốt thì phóng điện, tạo tia lửa dây chuyền thành đám cháy. Với mật độ nguyên tử cao của Plasma thì sự cháy diễn ra dữ dội gấp nhiều lần xăng đặc.

 

Khi các nguyên tử khí plasma có độ âm điện cao này gặp vật chất trung tính ở buồng đốt bên ngoài thì phóng điện, tạo tia lửa dây chuyền thành đám cháy. Với mật độ nguyên tử cao của Plasma thì sự cháy diễn ra dữ dội gấp nhiều lần xăng đặc

Một tín hiệu khởi động được gửi tới nguồn công suất DC, đồng thời xuất hiện điện áp mạch hở (OCV) và luồng plasma phun ra đầu phóng (plasma)

Sau khi có luồng khí ổn định, mạch tần số cao (HF) được kích hoạt. HF phóng plasma giữa điệncực và đầu phun bên trong đầu phóng làm cho luồng khí thổi qua tiếp tục bị Ion hóa.

Khí dẫn điện tạo nên dòng điện giữa điện cực và đầu phun và kết quả là tạo thành plasma mồi (pilot plasma).

Tuyệt đối không nên nhầm lẫn plasma với hồ quang vì hồ quang chỉ có nhiệt độ tối đa 2750 độ C.

Khi dòng plasma tiếp xúc với vật chất đốt  thì dòng plasma duy trì giữa điện cực và vật chất đốt. Plasma làm nóng và đốt cháy các loại vật liệu trên đường đi của nó. Luống khí thổi nhằm phát tán phản ứng cháy và cũng để làm nguội đầu cấp Plasma của hệ thống đốt.

Một cách tạo ra dòng Plasma phân kỳ để phát tán nhanh (và rộng) phản ứng cháy là dung “bia lỗ

 

Đầu đốt Plasma mà Wambuakim thực hiện tại Công Ty Đức Minh, Hà Nội – 2015

 

Tuy nhiên công nghệ này là công nghệ đốt Plasma đã cũ mà người Đức không dùng chúng từ hơn 20 năm nay, mà phát triển công nghệ đốt Plasma-Vessel có hiệu quả lớn hơn nhiều, nhiệt độ trung tâm có thể lên đến 200.000 độ C hay hơn nữa.

 

Wambuakim

97 Trả lời “CÔNG NGHỆ PLASMA CHO LÒ ĐỐT”

  1. GO!!!
    This phrase was said by the first cosmonaut on Earth – Yuri Gagarin. (Yuri Gagarin)
    He was the first astronaut on Earth. He was Russian! …
    Now Russia is becoming a strong country, gas pipelines, a vaccine against COVID-19, an army.
    Is this very reminiscent of the communist Soviet Union?
    How do you think?
    Now we have total control in our country. I am interested in the opinion of foreigners.

    Албонумисматико

    ПОЕХАЛИ!!

  2. GO!!!
    This phrase was said by the first cosmonaut on Earth – Yuri Gagarin. (Yuri Gagarin)
    He was the first astronaut on Earth. He was Russian! …
    Now Russia is becoming a strong country, gas pipelines, a vaccine against COVID-19, an army.
    Is this very reminiscent of the communist Soviet Union?
    How do you think?
    Now we have total control in our country. I am interested in the opinion of foreigners.

    Албонумисматико

    ПОЕХАЛИ!!

  3. My partner and I stumbled over here by a different web page and
    thought I might check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you.
    Look forward to exploring your web page yet again.

  4. Wһats up this iis ѕomewhatt of off topic but I was wantin to know if
    blogs use WУSIWYG editors or if you have to manually coɗe with HTML.
    I’m starting a blog soon but have no cοding eҳperience so
    I wanted to get advice from someone with experience. Any help wouⅼd be enormously appreciated!

    Allso viѕit my webpage: noodol cafe

  5. 422254 656460Greetings! Quick question thats completely off subject. Do you know how to make your website mobile friendly? My website looks weird when browsing from my apple iphone. Im trying to discover a template or plugin that may possibly be able to correct this problem. In case you have any suggestions, please share. With thanks! 738900

  6. Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer for your
    blog. You have some really great posts and I think I would be a good asset.
    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d absolutely love to write
    some articles for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine.

    Please blast me an e-mail if interested. Kudos!

  7. I was curious if you ever thought of changing the structure of your
    blog? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better.
    Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or 2 pictures.
    Maybe you could space it out better?

  8. I don’t know if it’s just me or if everyone else experiencing issues with your
    blog. It appears like some of the written text in your content are running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if
    this is happening to them too? This might be a issue with my internet browser because
    I’ve had this happen previously. Thanks

    Also visit my web page VigorMax Male Enhancement Support

  9. I happen to be writing to let you understand of
    the amazing encounter my cousin’s child went through studying your webblog.
    She noticed lots of pieces, which include what it is like to have an excellent teaching style to let the rest without difficulty learn about various advanced issues.
    You truly exceeded people’s expectations. Thanks for providing those good,
    dependable, revealing and in addition fun tips on your topic to Kate.

    my web-site – Man Plus Pills

  10. I have been surfing online more than 3 hours today,
    yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth
    enough for me. Personally, if all web owners and bloggers
    made good content as you did, the web will be a lot more useful than ever
    before.

    Here is my blog post :: OracleLeaf CBD

  11. Wow, fantastic weblog structure! How lengthy have you ever been blogging for?
    you made blogging glance easy. The entire glance of
    your web site is wonderful, let alone the content material![X-N-E-W-L-I-N-S-P-I-N-X]I just could not leave
    your web site prior to suggesting that I extremely loved the standard information an individual provide in your
    guests? Is going to be again ceaselessly in order to inspect new posts.

    My website; http://www.ge655.com/user/profile/madelainej/

  12. Having read this I thought it was very enlightening.
    I appreciate you finding the time and effort to put this article together.
    I once again find myself spending way too much time both
    reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worth it!

    Feel free to surf to my blog post … Collette

  13. Hey! I know this is kinda off topic however I’d figured I’d ask.
    Would you be interested in trading links or maybe guest authoring
    a blog article or vice-versa? My blog discusses a
    lot of the same subjects as yours and I feel we could greatly benefit
    from each other. If you happen to be interested feel free to shoot me
    an e-mail. I look forward to hearing from you! Excellent blog by the way!

    Also visit my web page – http://benjamindinh.fr/

  14. Thanks for all your hard work on this web page. Gloria take interest in managing investigation and it’s really obvious why.
    We hear all of the compelling manner you present informative suggestions on the website and as well as cause participation from some others on that concern so our girl has
    been studying a lot. Have fun with the rest of the new year.
    You have been performing a superb job.

    My blog; ebmelectronics.com

  15. I would like to consider the ability of thanking you for that professional assistance I have usually
    enjoyed visiting your site. We are looking forward to the actual commencement of my
    school research and the overall preparation would
    never have been complete without browsing your web site.

    If I may be of any assistance to others, I would be
    delighted to help by means of what I have gained from
    here.

    Also visit my homepage Green Flame CBD Gummies

  16. You really make it appear so easy along with your presentation however
    I in finding this matter to be actually one thing which I
    believe I would by no means understand. It seems too complex and extremely huge for me.
    I am looking ahead on your subsequent publish, I
    will try to get the dangle of it!

    Take a look at my website … Keto Body Pills Reviews

  17. I simply had to thank you very much again. I do not
    know the things I might have followed in the absence of those tactics revealed by you over
    such area of interest. Certainly was a very scary setting in my position, nevertheless
    being able to see your specialized form you handled that took me to leap with delight.

    I’m happy for the work as well as expect you comprehend what an amazing job that you are
    getting into teaching men and women by way of your blog post.
    Most likely you have never encountered all of us.

    Here is my website; Wowza Gummies

  18. 452054 708871Hi. Cool post. Theres an problem along with your website in chrome, and you might want to test this The browser could be the marketplace chief and a very good element of folks will omit your superb writing because of this dilemma. 787334

  19. We’re a bunch of volunteers and opening a brand new scheme in our community.
    Your website offered us with helpful info to work on. You have performed a formidable process and our entire community can be thankful to you.

    Visit my blog Angelo

  20. Undeniably believe that that you said. Your favourite reason seemed to be at the net the simplest thing to take into accout of.
    I say to you, I certainly get irked at the same time as other people consider concerns that they plainly do not understand
    about. You managed to hit the nail upon the highest and outlined out the entire thing without having side-effects , folks could take a signal.

    Will probably be again to get more. Thanks!

    Feel free to surf to my page – prettypeople.club

  21. With havin so much content and articles do you ever
    run into any problems of plagorism or copyright violation? My blog has a lot of exclusive content I’ve either created myself or outsourced
    but it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without
    my permission. Do you know any ways to help stop content from being ripped off?
    I’d definitely appreciate it.

    Take a look at my web-site weight loss goals

  22. Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your website is very cool.
    I am impressed by the details that you’ve on this web site.
    It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles.
    You, my friend, ROCK! I found just the information I already searched all over the place and simply could not come across.

    What a perfect web site.

    my site … https://moonlightmining.com/index.php?action=profile;u=266803

  23. This is the perfect blog for anyone who would
    like to understand this topic. You understand so much its almost hard
    to argue with you (not that I really will need to?HaHa). You definitely put a brand new
    spin on a topic which has been discussed for many years.
    Excellent stuff, just excellent!

    my web-site; hemp crop

  24. Thanks for your entire effort on this web page. Debby loves participating in research and it is easy to see why.
    Almost all notice all relating to the powerful tactic you present practical tips through the blog and encourage contribution from visitors on the
    situation so my princess is truly starting to learn a lot
    of things. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You are always doing a good
    job.[X-N-E-W-L-I-N-S-P-I-N-X]I’m really impressed with your writing abilities and
    also with the structure for your blog. Is
    that this a paid topic or did you customize it your self?

    Either way keep up the excellent high quality writing,
    it is uncommon to look a great weblog like this one these
    days.

    Feel free to visit my homepage; aniene.net

  25. I am now not sure the place you’re getting your info, but
    good topic. I needs to spend a while learning more or working out more.
    Thanks for fantastic information I was searching for this information for my mission.

    Also visit my web blog … try weed doctor

  26. Fantastic website you have here but I was wanting to know
    if you knew of any discussion boards that cover the same topics discussed in this
    article? I’d really like to be a part of group where I can get advice from other experienced individuals that share the
    same interest. If you have any suggestions,
    please let me know. Appreciate it!

    my site – forum.m2clasic.ro

  27. Whats up very cool web site!! Man .. Excellent ..
    Wonderful .. I’ll bookmark your web site and take the feeds also…I’m satisfied to find numerous useful info right here
    in the put up, we need work out more strategies
    in this regard, thank you for sharing.

    Here is my web blog first time sex tips

  28. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is time to
    be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you some
    interesting things or advice. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article.

    I desire to read more things about it!

    My web page … eating plan

  29. hello my lovely stopforumspam member

    What are the Types of Loans in Ohio depending on the purpose
    Specific purpose payday loans in Ohio. Funds received in debt may be spent only for a specific purpose specified in the loan agreement.
    Non-purpose loan. The debtor may spend the money received at his discretion.
    Most popular specific purpose payday loans in Ohio are:

    House loan. The most common, of course, is a mortgage when the purchased property acts as collateral for a loan. Sometimes a youth loan is issued, with lighter conditions for debtors. Still quite common is a housing loan that does not imply purchased housing in the form of collateral.
    Car loan – payday loans in Ohio to a car or similar vehicle. The key is often the purchased goods, making the terms of the loan better. Also, loan conditions are improved: car insurance, life and health insurance of the borrower, and receiving a salary to the account of the creditor bank.
    Land loan. To purchase a plot for construction or agricultural activities.
    Consumer. For purchases in modern supermarkets, equipment stores, you can take a personal loan right at the point of sale. Often, specialists located there can contact the bank and get a regular or fast payday loans. Borrowed funds automatically pay for the goods, and the consultant explains when and how to re-pay the debt.
    Educational loan. It is issued to students, as well as to applicants who have passed the competition, to pay for tuition at universities, colleges, etc.
    Broker loan. For the circulation of securities, payday loans in Ohio are issued to an exchange broker, se-curities are purchased securities.
    Others. Objectives not related to those listed, but agreed and approved by the creditor.

  30. Hello there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this site before but after
    browsing through some of the posts I realized it’s new to me.
    Regardless, I’m certainly delighted I discovered it
    and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back regularly!

    Feel free to visit my blog post :: eating diet plan

  31. Fantastic goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too wonderful.
    I actually like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it.
    You make it entertaining and you still take
    care of to keep it sensible. I can not wait to read far more from
    you. This is really a great site.

    Feel free to surf to my website … skilled drug crime

  32. hello my lovely stopforumspam member

    Welcome to Grosvenor Casinos, where you can play a wide range of casino games, from slots to poker, blackjack, and roulette! There’s something for everyone here – become a member of the casino to have the best of online casino gaming. Our Sportbook offers a range of sports betting odds and is available for pre event or in play bets 24/7 and 365 days of the year. Whether you’re here for football tournaments or the latest betting odds for horse racing, Tennis, Golf, Cricket and even Rugby Union, you are covered.

  33. I do not know if it’s just me or if everyone else encountering problems with your blog.
    It looks like some of the written text in your posts are running off
    the screen. Can someone else please comment and let me know
    if this is happening to them as well? This could be a issue with my web browser
    because I’ve had this happen previously.
    Thank you

    my homepage – concerned hemp

Trả lời

Email của bạn sẽ không được hiển thị công khai. Các trường bắt buộc được đánh dấu *